Updates from Group Devloping Transnational Literacies
“This paper reports on classroom-based research that was designed to monitor the integration of information and communication technology (ICT) in a teacher-guided collaborative online learning context to encourage students’ critical response to literary texts. The study investigates the premise that an ICT project where children read books and then use email communication to exchange responses with other learners will support critical thinking. Videos of classroom observations, journals and rap sheets were analysed for individual students’ levels of critical awareness. Improvements in critical thinking were measured using linguistic analysis. Teachers and students were also interviewed for attitudes to technology use related to learning. Although there were gains in critical thinking, there was little student engagement with technology. The discussion problematises the integration of technology in the classroom through a repositioning of collaboration in a blended learning context known as book raps.”
“In his article, “Globalization, Pedagogical Imagination, and Transnational Literacy,” Ezra Yoo-Hyeok Lee explores the juncture of comparative literature, globalization and postcolonial studies as to how creative writers, literary critics, and cultural theorists respond to globalization and its challenges. Arjun Appadurai expounds that globalization has demanded new research conceptualization and invention in academia. Subsequently, Lee investigates methods through which educators and scholars in comparative literature take up such a demand. In turn, Lee proposes a transnational literacy which offers a responsible form of cultural explanation, through which to explore the interrelations between the national and the postcolonial or global paradigms, both emergent as frames of current cultural change. Lee also offers a close reading of critical works by Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Diana Brydon, and David Damrosch to elaborate on the concept of transnational literacy and to consider ways of circumnavigating around Eurocentrism in comparative literary and cultural studies.”
Educaci n intercultural biling e, EIB, se ha discutido en Bolivia desde la decada de los 70. Cuando la Ley de Reforma Educativa LRE fue aprobada en 1994 el curriculo fue adaptado por primera vez a la diversidad cultural y ling istica del pa s. Sin embargo, el debate continuaba y cuando el gobierno de Evo Morales tom posesi n en 2006 abrog el c digo iniciando el trabajo con una nueva ley, ‘Ley Elizardo P rez y Avelino Si ani’. La argumentaci n principal fue que educaci n es m s que bilinguismo; la nueva ley enfatizar a mejor los valores principales de las comunidades ind genas. El enfoque del articulo ser la base contextual de la las reformas relacionada con EIB. ¿C mo se define EIB? y ¿c mo se relaciona en un contexto amerindio? ¿Por qu fue necesario para un gobierno dominado por ministros ind genas anular una ley que enfatiza la educaci n intercultural? ¿Por qu no era sufficiente hacer una revisi n? Ya que el proceso hist rico siempre es la base de la situacion actual empezar con una breve presentaci n del pa s enfatizando la situaci n y los procesos educativos.
“Intercultural bilingual education (IBE) has been discussed in Bolivia since the 1970s. The first Educational Act with a bilingual and intercultural curriculum adapted to cultural and linguistic diversity – Ley de Reforma Educativa – was passed in 1994 with implementation starting in 1996. However, discussions continued: when the Evo Morales government was installed in January 2006, it abolished the act initiating work on a new law – ‘Ley Elizardo P rez y Avelino Si ani’ (decolonised community education) – arguing that intercultural education is more than bilingualism; the new law would emphasise the main values of Amerindian communities. The article will focus on the contextual background of educational reforms in relation to IBE. How is IBE defined and related to an Amerindian context? Why did the government dominated by ministers of an indigenous background abolish an educational act that emphasised intercultural education? Why would a revision not have sufficed? As the historical process is the basis for the current situation, I will begin by presenting the country’s history emphasising the state of education and progress.”
This article considers the emergence of large-scale “commons-based peer production” projects such as Wikipedia.org from an institutional development perspective. The argument it makes is threefold. First, that that the lowered transaction costs and information abundance found online transform a subset of public goods problems, essentially replacing free ridership with mass coordination as the central challenge. Second, that the boundaries of this subset are defined by a “power law topology” that leads to the emergence of online hub spaces and serves to resolve search problems endemic to the anti-geographic online landscape. These boundary conditions limit the overall impact of commons-based peer production for the political space. Third, that all such hubs move through a common five-stage institutional development process, directly related to standard models of the diffusion of innovation. Identification of the institutional development process behind Wikipedia leads in turn to the stipulation of seven hypotheses: the “Field of Dreams” Fallacy, the “Interest Horizons” thesis, “Political Strategy is Not Like Computer Code,” the “Location-based Wave” thesis, “Power Law Fragility Under Moore’s Law,” the “Punctuated Equilibrium” thesis, and “Code-Forking the Public Sphere.” Each thesis holds direct implications for the potential and limitations of “open source” applications in the political arena